Voices & Instruments

| July 15-20, 2018
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Chevaliers non estes guaritz:
Performing Latin and Vernacular Crusade Song Repertoire with Voices and Instruments

Dr. Mauricio Molina and Voices and Musical Instruments Faculty

 

Knight jongleur During the period of the crusades the monophonic and polyphonic song played a crucial role as a vehicle for the expression of political and religious ideas about the Middle East, the Holy Land, and the expansion of Europe through the Mediterranean. Some songs were used to incite kings and nobles to join the cause,to helped building courage for the dangerous enterprise, to spread religious doctrine, or to celebrate the victory of battle. Other more subtle songs were composed to express the pain cause by the departure of a love one to the Holy Land, and to even question the benefits of the whole Middle Eastern venture.

In the Voices & Instruments course the participants will explore and perform different clerical, troubadour, and trouvère songs composed in relation to the crusades. This will be done while studying historical singing, medieval musical instruments, medieval tuning, and the application of rhythm to the medieval song based on the study of the sources and modern musicological theories.

Group classes: English and Spanish
Individual classes: language agreed with the teacher

 

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The Vocal and Instrumental Program is composed of the following classes:

 

Optional class:


Class Descriptions

Theory and Performance: Reconstructing the Rhythm of the Crusaders Song

Dr. Mauricio Molina
Group class in English
2 hours per day (Monday-Thursday)

In this class, Dr. Mauricio Molina will explore the different rhythmic possibilities (isosyllabic, rhetorical, modal, mensural) that can be applied to crusader songs whose melodies were copied in a non-rhythmic notation. The scansion of the texts, the construction of the melodies, and the theories advanced by musicologists about medieval rhythmic performance will be studied and combined to produce different rhythmic interpretation of the pieces that will be studied during the whole course.

Reconstructing the Medieval Ear: Pythagorean Tuning Class for All Students

Cristina Alís Raurich
Group class
45 minutes per day (Monday-Thursday)

Throughout the Middle Ages music theoreticians taught and recommended a system known as Pythagorean Tuning. This form of tuning has been proven to be the most adequate for the monophonic and polyphonic music composed at least before the fifteenth century. In this class all students will be introduced to Pythagorean tuning and will have the chance to practice it through musical exercises and the performance of some of the music that will be used during the course.

 

Medieval Ensemble

Dr. Mauricio Molina
Group class
2 1/2 hours per day (Monday-Friday)

Performance of selected repertoire by all students and work on vocal technique for instrumentalists (10 hours) and one hour performance at the end of the course.

Repertoire for 2018: Crusade songs composed by clerics, troubadours and trouvères. 

Voice & Instrument Lessons

One-on-one or in small groups
5 sessions of 50 minutes per class (Monday-Friday)

Singing

José Pizarro / Lorena Garcia

  • Proper vocal production for medieval repertoires based on the information contained in medieval sources.
  • Diction, articulation, and tuning.
  • Ornamentation as indicated by contemporaneous treatises.

Instruments available for rent (consult availability and pricing)

Vielle

Alejandro Tonatiuth Hernández

  • Study of the first two tunings of the vielle given by Jerome of Moravia (13th century)
  • Development of appropriate playing techniques and their application to different repertoires.
  • Development of ornamentation, melodic and rhythmic accompaniment, and the elaboration of different types of drones, preludes, and postludes.
  • Reconstruction and study of “solo” pieces based on vocal repertoire.
  • Introduction to the practice of self-accompaniment for singers who want to accompany themselves with the vielle while singing.

Instruments available for rent (consult availability and pricing)

Citole / Romanesque Lute

Martí Beltrán

  • Study of different plectrum techniques.
  • Creation of an accompaniment combining melodic, “intervallic,” and rhythmic elements.
  • Study of solo pieces with the application of ornaments developed from medieval data, and the use of improvisation for the creation of preludes and postludes.
  • Study of the difference between the tuning, ornamentation, and playing techniques of the Oriental and Western Medieval lutes.

Instruments available for rent (consult availability and pricing)

Psaltery

Martí Beltrán

  • Study of tuning and plectrum techniques.
  • Creation of an accompaniment combining melodic, “intervallic,” and rhythmic elements.
  • Study of solo pieces.

Instruments available for rent (consult availability and pricing)

Bagpipe

Raúl Lacilla

  • Technical matters such as air-pressure control, fingering, reed setting and tuning by ear according to Pythagorean system either by manipulating the reeds or using wax.
  • Articulation and ornamentation according to the treatises; study of the notation, repercussive ornaments, fifthting, substitution, etc.
  • Preluding and postluding in the most common modes.
  • Use of the drones, key principles of organum.
  • Singing while playing; key pronunciation of medieval languages.

Instruments available for rent (consult availability and pricing)

Harp

Claire Piganiol

  • Work based on the study of extant sources about medieval harps (iconography, repertoire, treatises, literary sources).
  • Instrumental repertoire, improvisation and ornamentation techniques.
  • Study of fingerings in melodic and polyphonic playing.
  • Development of several tuning systems and possibilities for producing ficta.
  • Techniques for the accompaniment of monophonic music.

Instruments available for rent (consult availability and pricing)

Portative Organ

Cristina Alís Raurich

  • Finger technique, bellow control and tuning.
  • Tuning with other instruments.
  • Instrumental repertoire, improvisation and ornamentation techniques.
  • Techniques for the accompaniment of monophonic music.

Instruments available for rent (consult availability and pricing)

Medieval Frame Drums and Percussion

Dr. Mauricio Molina

  • Tambourine, square frame drum, tariya.
  • Reconstruction of performance techniques based on both the study of medieval sources.
  • Development of a rhythmic accompaniment following rhythmic theories of the period (Christian and Arabic treatises).
  • Reconstruction of the sound aesthetic based on the physical and functional context of medieval percussion.

Instruments available for rent (consult availability and pricing)

Frestel (Medieval Panpipe)

Raúl Lacilla

  • Proper way of holding the instrument and blowing technique: how to angle the instrument and introduce the right amount of air to achieve the appropriate tuning.
  • Reconstruction of performance techniques based on both the study of medieval musical sources and treatises.

Instruments available for rent (consult availability and pricing)

Chamber Music Sessions - Performance of Selected Repertoire in Small Ensembles

Dr. Mauricio Molina
6 to 7 people per group
5 hours per ensemble (Monday-Friday)

Work in detail with small groups of students (mixed voice and instruments) organized by level. The focus will be on phrasing, ornamentation, tuning, style, and ensemble communication. The chamber music session has an additional cost of 60€ over the cost of the Voices & Instruments Program.

 

All instruments offered in the course are available for rental (based on availability)